Garam Masala


Garam Masala is a spice which enhances the taste of food. It work as a flavor enhancer in any Indian dish. In this various dried spices are used which are warm .

I must admire my nanny and my mom as she taught me that how make spices at home. My mom usually make garam masala thrice or twice in a year. But as compared to summer more ingredients are used in winters. As it keep s the body warm, so in summers My Mom don’t use mace and nutmeg. Whichever spice it is say dried coriander powder, red chili powder, turmeric powder should be powdered at home by drying them in sunlight. These freshly home made spices are good for health and too we can prevent these spices from expiry date or food adulteration. In this the ingredients which are used all have health benefits and also work as a medicine for body. Like say black pepper corn which help in cough but  if black pepper corn are kept in powdered form for long, it will be harmful for health.

So, now consider each ingredient and discuss their health benefits.

First ingredients is, Nutmeg (jaiphal) which is used in small quantity but makes a strong flavor. Nutmeg is plant product. Nutmeg is the shelled, dried seed of the plant  According to its medicinal property it is  rich in many vital B-complex vitamins, including vitamin C, folic acid, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin A.

Second, Mace (javitri) is the dried net-like covering of the shell of the seed (of jaiphal). It is used as a medicine.

Third, Black peppercorn (kali mirch) in hindi. It is a natural gift for human. It has very uses in Ayurveda and also work as a cough reliever. But if black pepper corn are kept in powdered form for long, it will be harmful for health.

Fourth, Black Cardamom (badi or moti elaichi).  It’s a rich source of iron , potassium , manganese and copper.

Bay leaves, also known as Tej patta. Its a famous Indian spice and used in various dishes like Jeera Rice, Shahi Paneer as a flavoring agent. It is a popular spice having folic acid which is required by an individual. Also it contain minerals.

Cinnamon sticks, known as dalchini in hindi. Its a great ingredient of this spice. Cinnamon has great flavor and have property to control sugar level and cholesterol.

Cumin seeds or jeera is well known spice. Almost used in every Kitchen to every curries. It is very helpful spice in digestive disorders, enhances hunger and helpful in skin diseases.

Cloves or  known as laung in hindi. It is used as a flavoring agent in paan ( PAAN : a mouth freshener prepared with betel leaf and different other flavors like gul kand e.t.c.) Cloves can be used as a medicine for tooth ache, for pimples (make paste with 1-2 drops of water and apply on effected area). Also it helps in secretion of different juices in body to maintain balance. 

Dried ginger or soth in hindi. It is an traditional ayurvedic medicine which helps in cough cold and digestive problem are also solved.

Long pepper  or known as peepal in hindi. It serves as a good digestive agent. Helpful in cough, asthma and respiratory problems. 

Ingredients Required: –

  • Nutmeg – 10 gm
  • Mace – 1o gm
  • Cloves – 10 gm
  • Black peppercorns – 50 gm
  • Dried ginger – 50 gm
  • Long pepper – 10 gm


  • Cumin seeds – 50 gm
  • Bay leaves – 7-8
  • Cinnamon sticks – 10 gm
  • Black cardamom – 50 gm

Procedure: –

  • First of all, clean all the ingredients and keep in plate in sunlight.
  • In good sunlight keep for 4-5 hours otherwise it will take long if there is no adequate sunlight.
  • Now take dried ginger, cinnamon, nutmeg and mace. Grind them once in small pieces.
  • Now put the other ingredients in the grinder and grind well. 
  • Make fine powder and if required sieve it.
  • The residual which is left after sieving, grind it once more.
  • Sieve the residue and then whatever is left is of no use.
  • Dispose the remaining residue.
  • Keep the powder in air tight container.
  • Use as required in curries and different dishes.
  • Its ready to be use.


  • Garam Masala



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